D

Posted by Elaina Berry on

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Damask – A glossy jacquard fabric, usually made from linen, cotton, rayon, silk, or blends. The patterns are flat and reversible. The fabric is often used in napkins, tablecloths, draperies, and upholstery.

Dazzle – A type of polyester fabric that is widely used in making clothes like basketball uniforms, football uniforms, rugby ball uniforms and even casual clothing because it absorbs moisture quickly. It is a lightweight fabric that easily allows the body to receive ventilation during workouts, playing sports and engaging in just about any outside activity. Dazzle fabric is distinguished by the pattern of tiny holes in the weave of the material. To the touch, dazzle is soft and somewhat like silk, although it is far more sturdy than silk. Dazzle is extremely durable due to the tightly woven polyester fibers, which makes it nearly impossible to tear.

Denim – True denim is a twill weave cotton-like fabric made with different colored yarns in the warp and the weft. Due to the twill construction, one color predominates on the fabric surface.

Dobby Weave – A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to coarse and fluffy. Standard dobby fabrics are usually flat and relatively fine or sheer. However, some heavyweight dobby fabrics are available for home furnishings and for heavy apparel.

Doeskin – Generally used to describe a type of fabric finish in which a low nap is brushed in one direction to create a soft suede-like feel on the fabric surface. End-uses include billiard table surfaces and men’s’ sportswear.

Donegal Tweed – A medium to heavy, plain or twill weave fabric in which colorful yarn slubs are woven into the fabric. The name originally applied to a hand-woven thick woolen tweed fabric made in Donegal, Ireland. End-uses include winter coats and suits.

Dotted Swiss – A lightweight, sheer cotton or cotton blend fabric with a small dot flock-like pattern either printed on the surface of the fabric, or woven into the fabric. End-uses for this fabric include blouses, dresses, baby clothes, and curtains

Double Faced – A fabric construction, in which two fabrics are woven on the loom at the same time, one on top of the other. In the weaving process, the two layers of woven fabric are held together using binder threads. The woven patterns in each layer of fabric can be similar or completely different.

Double Knit – A fabric knitted on a circular knitting machine using interlocking loops and a double stitch on a double needle frame to form a fabric with double thickness. It is the same on both sides. Today, most double knits are made of I5O denier polyester, although many lightweight versions are now being made using finer denier yarns and blends of filament and spun yarns.

Double Weave – A woven fabric construction made by interlacing two or more sets of warp yarns with two or more sets of filling yarns. The most common double weave fabrics are made using a total of either four or five sets of yarns.

Drill – A heavy, strong, durable twilled fabric of cotton or man-made fibers, similar to denim that has a diagonal 2×1 weave running up to the left selvage. When strength of fabric is essential, drill is suitable for slacks, uniforms, overalls, and work shirts.

Dryflex – Dryflex is a “high performance” knit fabric blended with Lycra. It is a wind resistant and moisture-wicking fabric that is soft and very comfortable. Dryflex will stretch up to 250% without memory loss over a lifetime of wear. Dryflex is the perfect fabric for activewear as it is quick dry and easy to care for.

Duchess Satin – One of the heaviest and richest looking satins. It is usually made of silk. It is important for such formal clothing as wedding gowns.

Duck – A tightly woven, heavy, plain-weave, bottom-weight fabric with a hard, durable finish. The fabric is usually made of cotton, and is widely used in men’s and women’s slacks, and children’s play clothes.

Dupioni – Silk that comes from the fiber formed by two silk worms that spun their cocoons together in an interlocking manner. The yarn is uneven, irregular, and larger than regular filaments. It is used to make shantung and dupioni.